Kukumbira kunopera riini?

Kukumbira kunopera riini?

Kana iwe uchida kuunganidza chikwereti chakasara mushure menguva refu, panogona kuva nengozi yokuti chikwereti chacho nguva-yakavharwa. Zvichemo zvekukuvadzwa kana zvichemo zvinogonawo kuvharirwa nguva. Ko kunyorerwa kunoshanda sei, ndedzipi nguva dzekugumira, uye dzinotanga kushanda riini? 

Chii chinogumira pakukumbira?

Chirevo chinorambidzwa-nguva kana mukweretesi akasatora danho rekuona kuti chikumbiro chabhadharwa kwenguva yakareba. Kana nguva yekugumira yapera, mukweretesi haachakwanise kumanikidza chikumbiro kuburikidza nedareIzvi hazvirevi kuti chirevo chacho hachisipo. Chikumbiro chinoshandurwa kuita chisungo chisingateverike. Mukwereti achiri kukwanisa kudzikinura chikumbiro nenzira dzinotevera.

  • Nokubhadhara nokuzvidira kana kubhadhara “nemistake.”
  • Nokubhadhara chikwereti kune ane chikwereti

Chikumbiro hachingopereki pakarepo. Nguva yekumisikidza inongotanga kana mukwereti achidaidza. Kana akakanganwa, chikumbiro chinogona kuunganidzwa mune zvimwe zviitiko. Imwe yezviitiko izvi chiitiko chekuzivikanwa. Mukwereti anoita chiito che kuonekwa nekuita hurongwa hwekubhadhara kana kukumbira kumbomira. Kunyange kana akabhadhara chikamu chechikwereti, ane chikwereti anoita chiito chekuzivikanwa. Muchiitiko chekuzivikanwa, mukwereti haakwanise kukumbira kudzikiswa kwechikumbiro, kunyangwe nguva yekumisa yakapera makore apfuura.

Nguva yekugumira inotanga riini?

Iyo nguva yekukumbira kunofanirwa uye kubhadharwa, nguva yekumisikidza inotanga. Iyo nguva yekugona kutora ndeye apo mukweretesi anogona kuda kuita kwekudaro. Semuyenzaniso, zvitemo nemamiriro echikwereti anoti chikwereti che €10,000, - chichabhadharwa pamwedzi muzvikamu zve €2,500, -. Muchiitiko ichocho, € 2,500, - inofanirwa mushure memwedzi mumwe. Mari yese haifanirwe kubhadharwa kana zvikamu uye mubereko zvakabhadharwa zvakanaka. Zvakare, iyo nguva yekumisikidza haisati yashanda kune principal sum. Kana zuva rekutanga rapfuura, chikamu chinosvika uye nguva yekumisikidza yechikamu chakakodzera inotanga kushanda.

Yakareba sei nguva yekumisa?

Statute of limitations mushure memakore makumi maviri

Iyo yakajairwa nguva yekumisikidza makore makumi maviri mushure mekudaidzwa kwamuka kana kufanira uye kubhadharwa. Zvimwe zvikumbiro zvine nguva pfupi yekumisikidza, asi kunyangwe izvo zvichemo zvichiri pasi pemakore makumi maviri kana zvikagadzikwa mumutongo wedare senge dare redzimhosva.

Statute of limitations mushure memakore mashanu

Zvikumbiro zvinotevera zviri pasi pemakore mashanu ekugumira nguva (kunze kwekunge paine mutongo):

  • Chirevo chekuita kwechibvumirano chekupa kana kuita (semuenzaniso, chikwereti chemari).
  • Chirevo chekubhadhara nguva nenguva. Iwe unogona kufunga nezvekubhadhara kwemubereko, rendi, uye mihoro kana alimony. Imwe nguva yekumisikidza yakaparadzana inotanga kushanda panguva yega yega yekubhadhara.
  • Chirevo kubva mubhadharo isingakodzeri. Ngatiti iwe wakabhadhara giro netsaona kumunhu wausingazive, nguva yacho inotangira kubva pawakazviziva uye iwe unozivawo munhu weanogamuchira.
  • Chirevo chekubhadhara kukanganisa kana chirango chakabvumiranwa. Nguva yemakore mashanu inotangira kubva pazuva rakatevera kukuvara uye mutadzi anozivikanwa.

Statute of limitations mushure memakore maviri

Mumwe mutemo wakasiyana unoshanda kune kutenga kwevatengi. Kutenga kwemutengi chinhu chinofambiswa (chimwe chinhu chaunogona kuona uye kunzwa, asi zvakasarudzika magetsi anosanganisirwa) pakati penyanzvi yekutengesa uye mutengi (mutengi asiri kuita basa rekuita basa kana bhizinesi). Nokudaro, haisanganisi kugoverwa kwemashumiro, akadai sekosi kana kurongeka kwekugadzirisa bindu, kunze kwekuti chimwe chinhu chinopiwawo.

Chisungo 7:23 cheCivil Code (BW) chinoti kodzero yemutengi yekugadzirisa kana kubhadhara inopera kana akasanyunyuta pamusoro pazvo mukati menguva inonzwisisika mushure mekunge aona (kana kuti angave awana) kuti chakanaka chaunzwa hachienderane nezvinodiwa. chibvumirano. Chii chinoreva "nguva inonzwisisika" zvinoenderana nemamiriro ezvinhu, asi nguva yemwedzi ye2 mukutenga kwevatengi inonzwisisika. Zvadaro, zvichemo zvemutengi zvinorambidzwa-nguva makore maviri mushure mekugamuchira chichemo.

Ziva! Izvi zvinogona zvakare kusanganisira chikwereti chemari chinotorwa zvakananga kutenga chinhu chinobatika nemutengi. Semuenzaniso, funga nezvechibvumirano chechikwereti chekutenga mota yekushandisa wega. Chero bedzi iyo installment yabhadharwa, mukuru wechikoro haakodzeri. Pakangonzi mukuru wechikoro chero chikonzero, semuenzaniso mukwereti anomira kubhadhara, makore maviri ekuganhurira anotanga kumhanya.

Kutanga kwenguva yekumisa

Nguva yekumisa haitangi yega. Izvi zvinoreva kuti chirevo chiripo chisina kuchinjwa uye chinogona kuunganidzwa. Ndiye ane chikwereti anofanirwa kukumbira zvakajeka nguva yekumisikidza. Ngatitii akanganwa kuita kudaro uye oenderera mberi nekuita chiitiko chekuzivikanwa, semuenzaniso, nekuramba achibhadhara chikamu chechikwereti, kukumbira kumbomiswa, kana kubvumirana pane chirongwa chekubhadhara. Kana zvakadaro, haachazokwanisa kukumbira nguva yekumisikidza gare gare.

Kana uyo ane chikwereti akaita chikumbiro chakakodzera kune chinyorwa, chikumbiro hachichakwanisi kutungamirira kumutongo wedare. Kana pane mutongo wedare, zvino (mushure memakore makumi maviri) haichagoni kutungamirira kuurayiwa nemubatsiri. Kutonga kunobva kwashaya basa.

Kutaura 

Chirevo chemishonga chinowanzovhiringwa nemukweretesi achipa mukwereti chiziviso kuti abhadhare kana neimwe nzira kutevedzera chibvumirano. Kuvhiringidza kunoitwa nekuzivisa mukweretesi nguva yekumisikidza isati yapera kuti chikumbiro chichiripo, semuenzaniso, kuburikidza nechiyeuchidzo chekubhadhara chakanyoreswa kana masamanisi. Nekudaro, chiyeuchidzo kana chiziviso chinofanira kusangana nemamiriro akati wandei kukanganisa nguva yekumisikidza. Semuenzaniso, inofanira kugara ichinyorwa uye mukweretesi anofanira kuchengetedza kodzero yake yekuita. Kana kero yemukwereti isingazivikanwe, kukanganisa kunogona kuitwa kuburikidza nechiziviso cheveruzhinji mupepanhau redunhu kana renyika. Dzimwe nguva chikumbiro chinogona kungovhiringidzwa nekuisa danho repamutemo, kana kuti matanho anofanirwa kutangwa nguva pfupi mushure mekuvhiringidzwa kwakanyorwa. Zvinokurudzirwa kugara uchibvunza gweta mumutemo wekondirakiti paunenge uchibata nenyaya yakaoma iyi.

Chaizvoizvo, mukweretesi anofanira kukwanisa kuratidza kuti nguva yacho yakavhiringidzwa kana mukwereti akakumbira kudzivirira kunyorerwa. Kana iye asina humbowo, uye mukwereti nokudaro anounganidza nguva yekumisikidza, chikumbiro hachichagone kusimbiswa.

Extension 

Mukweretesi anogona kuwedzera nguva yekumisikidza kana paine kubatanidzwa kwepfuma yemukwereti nekuda kwekubhuroka. Munguva iyoyo, hapana munhu anogona kutora mukana kune ane chikwereti, saka mumiriri wemutemo akataura kuti nguva yekumisikidza haigone kupera panguva yekubhuroka. Nekudaro, mushure mekuparadzwa, nguva inoenderera zvakare kusvika mwedzi mitanhatu mushure mekupera kwekubhuroka kana nguva yekumisikidza ichipera mukati kana mukati memwedzi mitanhatu yekubhuroka. Vanokwereta vanofanira kunyatsoteerera kune mavara kubva kune trustee. Iye achatumira mukweretesi wega wega, chero ivo vakanyoreswa mukubhuroka, chiziviso chekuti kubhuroka kwapera.

Mutongo wedare

Pachikumbiro chakagadzwa mukutongwa, zvisinei nemutemo wekugumira, nguva yemakore makumi maviri inoshanda. Asi chirevo ichocho hachishandi kuchikwereti chemubereko, icho chakataurwa pamusoro pemutemo wekubhadhara mari huru. Ngatitii mumwe munhu anorayirwa kubhadhara € 20. Anonziwo abhadhare mubereko wemutemo. Mutongo unogona kushandiswa kwemakore makumi maviri. Nekudaro, kuti mubereko ubhadharwe, iyo 1,000-gore temu inoshanda. Nokudaro, kana mutongo usina kusimbiswa kusvikira mushure memakore gumi uye pasina kukanganisa kwakaitika, kufarira kwemakore mashanu ekutanga kunorambidzwa. Ziva! Kuvhiringidzwa zvakare kune imwe nzira. Kazhinji, mushure mekuvhiringwa, temu nyowani ine nguva imwechete inozotanga zvakare. Izvi hazvishande kumakore makumi maviri emutongo wedare. Kana temu iyi ikavhiringwa makore makumi maviri asati apera, nguva itsva yemakore mashanu chete inotanga kushanda.

Semuenzaniso, hauna chokwadi here kana chikumbiro chako kune ane chikwereti chako chakavharwa nenguva? Iwe unofanirwa here kuona kana chikwereti chako kune wako waakakwereta chichiri kutorwa nemukweretesi nekuda kwemutemo wekugumira? Usazeza uye udza mashoko magweta edu. Tichafara kukubatsira iwe mberi!

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