Chii chinonzi kudai?

Chii chinonzi kudai?

Chirevo chinongodiwa nemunhu pane mumwe, kureva munhu kana kambani.

Chirevo chinowanzo sanganisira mari yekuda, asi inogona zvakare kuve chirevo chekupa kana kuita kudai kubva mubhadharo usingakodzeri kana kuda kwekukuvadza. Mukweretesi munhu kana kambani ine chikwereti che 'performance' nemumwe. Izvi zvinotevera kubva muchibvumirano. Basa rakatanhamara rinowanzonziwo 'chikwereti.' Saka, mukweretesi anogona kuramba achikumbira chikwereti, saka izwi rekuti mukwereti. Bato rekuendesa kuita kune mukweretesi rinonzi 'mukwereti.' Kana basa racho richisanganisira kubhadhara mari, bato risati rabhadhara mari inonzi 'mukwereti.' Mapato anoda kushanda mumari anonziwo 'vakwereti.' Zvinosuruvarisa, dambudziko nechikumbiro nderekuti haisi nguva dzose kuzadzikiswa kunyange zvazvo izvi zvakabvumiranwa kana kuti mutemo wakazvipa. Nekuda kweizvozvo, kutonga uye kuunganidza matanho ari kuenderera mberi maererano nezvinodiwa. Asi chii chaizvo chinonzi kudai?

Arising claim

Chirevo chinowanzoitika kubva muchibvumirano chaunobvuma kuita chimwe chinhu mukudzorera icho mumwe munhu anopa kufunga nezvazvo. Kana wangozadzisa chibvumirano chako uye wozivisa mumwe munhu kuti unoda kutariswa, kodzero yekuita inomuka. Pamusoro pezvo, chikumbiro chinogona kuitika, semuenzaniso, kana iwe ukangoerekana waendesa kubhengi account isiriyo. Iwe unenge waita 'mubhadharo usingakodzeri' uye unogona kudzoreredza mari yakatamiswa kubva kumubati weakaundi yebhangi. Saizvozvo, kana iwe wakatambura kurasikirwa nekuda kwezviito zvemumwe munhu (kana kusiiwa), unogona kutora muripo wekurasikirwa ikoko kubva kune mumwe munhu. Chisungo chemuripo ichi chinogona kubva mukutyora kondirakiti, zviga zvemutemo, kana kukanganisa.

Recoverability of claim

Iwe unofanirwa kuzivisa kune mumwe munhu kuti ane chikwereti kwauri chimwe chinhu kana kuti anofanira kukupa chimwe chinhu mukudzoka. Chete mushure mekunge wapedza izvi zvinozivikanwa ndipo chikumbiro chakakodzera. Zvakanakisisa kuita izvi nekunyora.

Chii chaungaita kana mukwereti akakundikana kugutsa chikumbiro chako uye (munyaya yekuda mari) asingabhadhare, semuenzaniso? Iwe unofanirwa kubva watora chikumbiro, asi izvo zvinoshanda sei?

Kuunganidza chikwereti kunze kwedare

Nekuda kwezvikwereti, unogona kushandisa sangano rekuunganidza chikwereti. Izvi zvinowanzoitirwa zvirevo zviri nyore. Pazvichemo zvepamusoro, gweta rekuunganidza chete ndiro rine hunyanzvi. Zvakadaro, kunyangwe kune zvichemo zviri nyore uye zvidiki, zvingava huchenjeri kuita gweta rekuunganidza chikwereti, sezvo magweta ekuunganidza zvikwereti kazhinji ari nani pakupa mhinduro dzakagadzirwa. Zvakare, gweta rekuunganidza rinogona kuongorora zvirinani uye kuramba dziviriro yemukwereti. Uyezve, sangano rekuunganidza harina mvumo yekusimbisa kuti ane chikwereti abhadhare zviri pamutemo, uye gweta rekuunganidza ndiro. Kana mukwereti akasatevedzera masamanisi etsamba kubva kusangano rekuunganidza kana gweta rekuunganidza uye kuunganidzwa kwekunze kusina kushanda, unogona kutanga hurongwa hwekuunganidza.

Kuunganidza chikwereti chematare

Kumanikidza ane chikwereti kubhadhara, unoda mutongo. Kuti uwane mutongo, unofanirwa kutanga matanho emutemo. Iyi kutongwa kwemutemo inosungirwa kutanga negwaro resamanisi. Kana zvine chekuita nemari ye25,000 €, - kana isingasviki, unogona kuenda kudare redunhu. Padare redzimhosva, gweta harisungirwe, asi kuhaya munhu kunogona kuve kungwara. Semuenzaniso, masamanisi anofanira kunyorwa zvakanyatsonaka. Kana masamanisi akasazadzisa zvinodiwa nemutemo, unogona kunzi haubvumirwe nedare, uye hauzokwanisi kuwana mutongo. Naizvozvo, zvakakosha kuti masamanisi anyorwe nenzira kwayo. Samanisi inofanirwa kupihwa zviri pamutemo (yakapihwa) nemubatsiri.

Kana iwe wawana mutongo uchipa zvichemo zvako, unofanirwa kutumira mutongo iwoyo kumubatsiri, anogona kuushandisa kumanikidza mukwereti kubhadhara. Saka, zvinhu zvemukwereti zvinogona kutorwa.

Statute of limitations

Zvakakosha kuti utore chikumbiro chako nekukurumidza. Izvi zvinodaro nekuti zvirevo zvinorambidzwa-nguva mushure menguva yakati. Kana chikumbiro chikarambidzwa nguva zvinoenderana nerudzi rwekuda. Sezvo mutemo wakajairika, nguva yekuganhurira yemakore makumi maviri inoshanda. Zvakadaro, kune zvakare zvirevo zvinorambidzwa-nguva mushure memakore mashanu (kune tsananguro yakadzama yenguva yekumisikidza, ona rimwe bhurogi redu, 'Chirevo chinopera riini') uye, kana iri yekutenga kwevatengi, mushure memakore maviri. Zvikumbiro zvinotevera zvinorambidzwa-nguva mushure memakore mashanu:

  • Kuzadzisa chibvumirano chekupa kana kuita (semuenzaniso, chikwereti chemari)
  • Kubhadhara nguva nenguva (semuenzaniso, kubhadhara rendi kana muhoro)
  • Kubva pakubhadhara kwausina kufanira (semuenzaniso, nekuti waita netsaona kuendesa kubhengi account isiriyo)
  • Kubhadhara kukuvara kana chirango chakabvumiranwa

Nguva imwe neimwe iyo nguva inotyisidzira kupera uye nguva yekumisa inopera, mukweretesi anogona kubatanidza nguva itsva kwairi neinonzi kuvhiringidzwa. Kuvhiringidza kunoitwa nekuzivisa mukwereti isati yapera nguva yekumisikidza kuti chikumbiro chichiripo, semuenzaniso, kushandisa chiyeuchidzo chekubhadhara chakanyoreswa, kudiwa kwekubhadhara, kana masamanisi. Chaizvoizvo, mukweretesi anofanira kukwanisa kuratidza kuti nguva yacho yakavhiringidzwa kana mukwereti akakumbira kudzivirira kunyorerwa. Kana iye asina humbowo, uye mukwereti nekudaro anokumbira nguva yekumisikidza, haakwanise kumanikidza chikumbiro.

Saka zvakakosha kuti uone kuti ndeipi chikamu cherudzi rwako rwekuda uye kuti inoenderana nguva yekumisikidza ndeipi. Kana nguva yekumisa yapera, hauchakwanise kumanikidza mukwereti wako kuti agutse chikumbiro.

Ndokumbirawo ubate ne magweta edu kuti uwane rumwe ruzivo nezve kuunganidzwa kwechikwereti chemari kana kukumbira mutemo wekugumira. Tichafara kukubatsira!

Law & More