Mkpisi aka mebiri emebi GDPR

N’oge a anyị bi n’ime ya ugbu a, ọ na-abụkarị ihe a na-ahụkarị iji mkpịsị aka aka wee mepụta akara, dịka ọmụmaatụ: imepe ekwentị ama jiri mkpịsị aka aka. Ma gịnị banyere nzuzo mgbe ọ na-agaghị ewere ọnọdụ na nzuzo mgbe enwere afọ ofufo? Enwere ike ịme nnabata mkpịsị aka metụtara ọrụ n'ihe gbasara nchekwa? Otu nzukọ nwere ike ịmanye ndị ọrụ ya itinye aka na mkpịsị aka ha, dịka ọmụmaatụ iji banye na nchekwa nchekwa? Oleekwa otú ọrụ dị otú ahụ si emetụta iwu nzuzo?

Mkpisi aka mebiri emebi GDPR

Mkpisi aka dị ka data nkeonwe pụrụ iche

Ajụjụ anyị kwesịrị ịjụ onwe anyị ebe a, bụ ma nyocha mkpịsị aka na-emetụta dị ka data nkeonwe n'ime ihe Iwu Iwu Nchedo General Data. Akara mkpisiaka bụ data nkeonwe nke sitere na nhazi ọrụ akọwapụtara nke njirimara mmadụ, omume ma ọ bụ omume.[1] Enwere ike ịtụle data biometric dị ka ozi metụtara onye dị ndụ, ebe ha bụ data nke, site na ọdịdị ha, na-enye ozi banyere otu onye. Site na data nke biometric dị ka akara mkpịsị aka, a na-amata onye ahụ ma nwee ike ịpụ iche na onye ọzọ. N ’ederede 4 GDPR a na-anabatabeghị nke ọma site na ntinye nkọwapụta.[2]

Identmata akara mkpisi aka bụ imebi ihe nzuzo?

Dlọ ikpe Subdistrict Amsterdam kpebiri na nso nso a na nnabata nke nyocha mkpịsị aka dị ka usoro njirimara dabere na ọkwa nchekwa.

Fieldlọ ahịa akpụkpọ ụkwụ Manfield ji usoro ikikere mkpịsị aka aka mee ihe, nke ahụ mere ka ndị ọrụ nweta aha ndekọ ego.

Dabere na Manfield, iji njirimara mkpịsị aka bụ naanị ụzọ iji nweta usoro ndekọ ego. Ọ dị mkpa, n'etiti ihe ndị ọzọ, iji kpuchido ozi ego nke ndị ọrụ na data nkeonwe. Methodszọ ndị ọzọ erukwaghị eru ma dị mfe wayo. Otu n'ime ndị ọrụ nke nzukọ ahụ jụrụ iji akara mkpịsị aka ya eme ihe. O weere usoro ikike a dị ka imebi nzuzo ya, na-ezo aka na edemede 9 nke GDPR. Dị ka isiokwu a si kwuo, amachibidoro ịhazi data nke biometric maka nzube nke njirimara pụrụ iche nke mmadụ.

Mkpa

Iwu a anaghị emetụta ebe nhazi dị mkpa maka nyocha ma ọ bụ maka nchekwa. Mmasị azụmaahịa Manfield bụ igbochi ọghọm nke nnweta n'ihi ndị ọrụ aghụghọ. Subdistrict Court ama esịn eben̄e eteutom oro. Ebumnuche azụmaahịa Manfield emeghị ka sistemụ ahụ 'dị mkpa maka nyocha ma ọ bụ ebumnuche nchekwa', dị ka edepụtara ya na Nkebi nke 29 nke GDPR Mmejuputa Iwu. N'ezie, Manfield nweere onwe ya ịme ihe megide aghụghọ, mana enwere ike ghara ime nke a mebiri ndokwa nke GDPR. Ọzọkwa, onye were ya n'ọrụ enyebeghị ụlọ ọrụ ya ụdị nchebe ọ bụla ọzọ. Emechaala nnyocha ezughi oke n'ime usoro ikike ọzọ; chee echiche banyere iji ikike ịnweta ma ọ bụ koodu ọnụọgụ, ma ọ bụ nchikota ha abụọ. Onye were ụlọ ọrụ ahụ ejighị nlezianya tụọ uru na ọghọm dị iche iche nke sistemụ nchekwa dị iche iche wee ghara ịkwali nke ọma ihe kpatara ọ ji họrọ usoro nyocha mkpịsị aka ụfọdụ. Karịsịa n'ihi nke a, onye were gị n'ọrụ enweghị ikike iwu kwadoro iji usoro ikike nyocha akara mkpisi aka na ndị ọrụ ya dabere na Iwu Mmeju GDPR.

Ọ bụrụ n’inwere ike iwepụta usoro nchekwa ọhụrụ, a ga-enyocha ya ka enyere ikike ka etinye ya na GDPR yana Iwu Mmeju. Ọ bụrụ na enwere ajụjụ ọ bụla, biko kpọtụrụ ndị ọka iwu na Law & More. Anyị ga-aza ajụjụ gị ma nye gị ihe enyemaka gbasara iwu na ozi.

[1] https://autoriteitpersoonsgegevens.nl/nl/onderwerpen/identificatie/biometrie

[2] ECLI: NL: RBAMS: 2019: 6005

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