Adreesị email na ogo GDPR. Iwu Nchedo Nchịkwa Izugbe

Na 25th nke onwa Mee, General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR) ga-abanye n'ọrụ. Site na ntinye nke GDPR, nchedo data onwe onye na-abatawanye mkpa. Companieslọ ọrụ ụlọ ọrụ ga-ahụrịrị ọtụtụ iwu siri ike gbasara nchedo data. Agbanyeghị, ajụjụ dị iche iche bilitere maka ntinye nke GDPR. Maka ụlọ ọrụ, ọ nwere ike edoghị data nke echere ka ọ bụrụ data nke onwe ya wee daa n'okpuru GDPR. Nke a bụ okwu gbasara adreesị email: a na-ewere adreesị email dị ka data nkeonwe? Companieslọ ọrụ ndị na-eji adresị email nọ n'okpuru GDPR? A ga-aza ajụjụ ndị a n'isiokwu a.

Data nkeonwe

Iji zaa ajụjụ ahụ ma elere adreesị email dị ka data nkeonwe, ọ dị mkpa ịkọwapụta okwu nkeonwe. A kọwara okwu a na GDPR. Dabere na ederede 4 sub GDPR, data nkeonwe pụtara ozi ọ bụla metụtara onye amụtara ma ọ bụ ịmata onye. Naturalhe onye sitere n'okike mara bụ mmadụ nwere ike ịmata, ozugbo ma ọ bụ n’ụzọ adịghị mma, ọkachasị na njirimara dị ka aha, akara njirimara, data ọnọdụ ma ọ bụ ihe nchọpụta ntanetị. Ozi nkeonwe na-ezo aka na ndị sitere n'okike. Ya mere, ozi gbasara ndị nwụrụ anwụ ma ọ bụ ụlọ ọrụ iwu akwadoghị ka ọ bụrụ data nkeonwe.

Adreesị email na ogo GDPR

Adreesị ozi ịntanetị

Now that the definition of personal data is determined, it needs to be assed if an email address is considered to be personal data. Dutch case law indicates that email addresses could possibly be personal data, but that this is not always the case. It depends whether or not a natural person is identified or identifiable based on the email address.[1] The way persons have structured their email addresses has to be taken into account in order to determine whether the email address can be seen as personal data or not. A lot of natural persons structure their email address in such a way that the address has to be considered personal data. This is for example the case when an email address is structured in the following way: firstname.lastname@gmail.com. This email address exposes the first and last name of the natural person that uses the address. Therefore, this person can be identified based on this email address. Email addresses that are used for business activities could also contain personal data. This is the case when an e-mail address is structured in the following way: initials.lastname@nameofcompany.com. From this email address can be derived what the initials of the person using the email address are, what his last name is and where this person works. Therefore, the person using this email address is identifiable based on the email address.

An email address is not considered to be personal data when no natural person can be identified from it. This is the case when for example the following email address is used: puppy12@hotmail.com. This email address does not contain any data from which a natural person can be identified. General email addresses that are used by companies, like info@nameofcompany.com, are also not considered to be personal data. This email address does not contain any personal information from which a natural person can be identified. Moreover, the email address is not used by a natural person, but by a legal entity. Therefore, it is not considered to be personal data. From Dutch case law can be concluded that email addresses can be personal data, but this is not always the case; it depends of the structure of the email address.

Enwere nnukwu ohere na enwere ike mata ndị mmadụ sitere na adreesị ozi-e ha na-eji, nke a na-eme ka adresị email nweta data nkeonwe. Iji kọọ adreesị ozi-e klas dị ka data nkeonwe, ọ baghị uru ma ọ bụrụ na ụlọ ọrụ ahụ na-eji adreesị email ahụ iji chọpụta ndị ọrụ. Ọ bụrụgodi na ụlọ ọrụ anaghị eji adreesị ozi-e na ebumnuche nke njirimara nke mmadụ, a ka ga-atụle adreesị email nke a ga-amata ndị mmadụ dị ka data nkeonwe. Ọ bụghị ọrụ ọ bụla na teknuzu ma ọ bụ ihe jikọrọ mmadụ na data zuru ezu iji họpụta data ahụ dị ka data nkeonwe. Agbanyeghị, ọ bụrụ na enwere ike omume na enwere ike iji adreesị ozi-e iji mata ndị ọrụ, dịka ọmụmaatụ ịchọpụta ikpe nke wayo, a na-ewere adreesị email dị ka data nkeonwe. N'ime nke a, ọ nweghị ihe ọ bụla ma ụlọ ọrụ ezubere iji adreesị ozi-e maka ebumnuche a. Iwu ahụ na-ekwu gbasara data nkeonwe mgbe enwere ike ịnwe ike iji data ahụ maka ebumnuche nke na-egosipụta onye dị n'okike. [2]

Data nkeonwe pụrụ iche

Ọ bụ ezie na a na-ewere adreesị email dị ka data nkeonwe ọtụtụ oge, ha abụghị data nkeonwe. Ihe nzuzo pụrụ iche bụ data nke onwe na-ekpughe agbụrụ ma ọ bụ agbụrụ, echiche ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị, nkwenkwe okpukpe ma ọ bụ nke nkà ihe ọmụma ma ọ bụ onye otu, yana usoro ihe ọmụmụ ma ọ bụ ihe ọmụmụ. Nke a sitere na edemede 9 GDPR. Ọzọkwa, adreesị ozi-e nwere ozi gbasara ọha na-erughị karịa dịka ọmụmaatụ adres ụlọ. Ọ na-esiri gị ike inweta ozi nke adreesị email mmadụ karịa adreesị ụlọ ya ma ọ dabere na akụkụ dị ukwuu na onye ọrụ adreesị ozi-e ahụ ka aga-eme ka ọha mmadụ mara adreesị ozi-e ahụ. Ọzọkwa, nchọpụta nke adreesị ozi-e kwesiri izochiri ya, enweghị nsonaazụ dị njọ karịa ịchọpụta adresị ụlọ kwesịrị ịdị ezo. Ọ dị mfe ịgbanwe adreesị ozi-e karịa na adreesị ụlọ ma ịchọpụta adreesị ozi-e nwere ike ibute kọntaktị dijitalụ, ebe ịchọta adreesị ụlọ nwere ike iduga kọntaktị onwe gị. [3]

Nhazi nke data nkeonwe

Anyị achọpụtala na adresị email na-abụ ihe data nke oge niile. Agbanyeghị, GDPR bụ naanị ndị ụlọ ọrụ na-eme data nkeonwe. Nhazi nke data nkeonwe dị ihe ọ bụla metụtara data nkeonwe. A kọwara nke a na GDPR. Dika ihe ederede 4 sub 2 GDPR, nhazi nke data nkeonwe putara oru obula nke ana eme na data nkeonwe, ma odi otu a si aru ya. Ihe atụ bụ nchịkọta, ndekọ, nhazi, nhazi, nchekwa na iji data nkeonwe. Mgbe ụlọ ọrụ rụrụ ọrụ ndị ahụ anyị kpọtụrụ aha n'ihe gbasara adreesị email, ha na-ahazi data nkeonwe. N'okwu ahụ, ha dị n'okpuru GDPR.

mmechi

Ọ bụghị adreesị email ọ bụla dị ka data nkeonwe. Agbanyeghị, a na-ewere adres email dị ka data nkeonwe mgbe ha na-enye ozi amata banyere onye sitere n'okike. A na-ahazi ọtụtụ adreesị ozi-e n'ụzọ a ga - amata onye eke sitere na adreesị ozi-e. Nke a bụ ikpe mgbe adreesị ozi-e dere aha ma ọ bụ ebe ọrụ mmadụ. Ya mere, a ga-atụle ọtụtụ adreesị ozi-e nkeonwe. Ọ na-esiri ụlọ ọrụ ike ịme ọdịiche dị n'etiti adreesị email a na-ewere dị ka data nkeonwe yana adreesị ozi-e na-abụghị, ebe ọ bụ na nke a dabere kpam kpam na nhazi nke adreesị ozi-e. Ya mere, ọ dị mma ịsị na ụlọ ọrụ ndị na-ahazi data nkeonwe, ga-agafe adreesị email ndị a na-ewere dị ka data nkeonwe. Nke a pụtara na ụlọ ọrụ ndị a nọ n'okpuru GDPR ma mejupụta iwu nzuzo nke na-agbaso GDPR.

[1] ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

[2] Kamerstukken II 1979/80, 25 892, 3 (MvT).

[3] ECLI: NL: GHAMS: 2002: AE5514.

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