Imwe nyaya muNetherlands

Mhosva yemhosva muNetherlands

Mukutonga kwemhosva, mhosva inounzwa kumunhu ari kupomerwa nePublic Prosecutor's Office (OM). OM inomiririrwa nemuchuchisi wehurumende. Kutongwa kwemhosva kunowanzotanga nemapurisa, mushure mezvo muchuchisi anozofunga kuti opomera musungwa here. Kana muchuchisi akaenderera mberi nekumhan’ara munhu ari kupomerwa mhosva, nyaya inoperera mudare.

Mhosva dzacho

Mhosva dzinogona kuwanikwa muPenal Code, Weapons Act, Opium Act, kana Road Traffic Act, pakati pezvimwe. Pasi pemusimboti wemutemo, hapana munhu anogona kubatwa nemhosva yechiito kana kusaita pasina kupihwa chirango.

Musiyano unogona kuitwa pakati pemisdemeanors uye felonies. Mhosva imhosva yakaipisisa kupfuura kukanganisa. Misdemeanor inogona kusanganisira kurova kana kuponda. Mimwe mienzaniso yemhosva kudhakwa kweveruzhinji kana kuparadza.

Kuongorora

Mhosva yemhosva inowanzotanga nemapurisa. Izvi zvinogona kunge zviri maererano nemushumo kana tsvakiridzo yemhosva. Kuferefeta kwakatanga vachitungamirwa nemuchuchisi wehurumende, achishanda nemapurisa. Munhu ari kupomerwa anotsvagwa, uye humbowo hunotorwa. Zvakawanikwa pakuferefeta zvinouya mumushumo wepamutemo unotumirwa kumuchuchisi wehurumende. Kubva pamushumo wepamutemo, muchuchisi wehurumende anoongorora nyaya yacho. Muchuchisi anoongororawo kuti musungwa achatongwa here. Izvi zvinozivikanwa semusimboti wekubatsira; muchuchisi wehurumende ndiye anosarudza kuti opomera mhosva here.

Subpoena

Kana muchuchisi akaramba achimhan’ara, ari kupomerwa anotambira masamanisi. Masamanisi aya anotsanangura mhosva yaari kupomerwa uyo ari kupomerwa mhosva uye anotaura kuti ari kupomerwa mhosva anofanira kumira papi uye rinhi mudare.

Kurapwa nedare

Somurevereri, hausungirwe kuenda kudare. Kana wafunga kuenda, mutongi achakubvunza panguva yekunzwa. Zvisinei, hausungirwi kupindura mibvunzo yake. Izvi zvinokonzerwa nemo tenetur musimboti: hausungirwe kushandira pamwe nesimba nekutenda kwako. Kana mutongi achinge apedza kubvunzurudza ari kupomerwa mhosva, achapa mukana kumuchuchisi.

Muchuchisi wehurumende anobva apa gwaro redzimhosva. Mariri, anobudisa maidi noufakazi hwemhaka yacho. Anobva apedzisa kupomera mhosva yake nezvaanoda.

Muchuchisi wehurumende apedza kutaura, gweta reari kupomerwa richazopa chichemo chake. Muchikumbiro, gweta rinopindura kumuchuchisi uye rinomiririra zvido zvemutengi. Pakupedzisira, ari kupomerwa anopiwa mukana.

Kutonga kwemutongi

Pane zvakawanda zvingasarudzwa nemutongi. Kuti pawanikwe humbowo, humbowo hushoma hunofanirwa kuwanikwa hwekupa mhosva uyo ari kupomerwa mhosva. Kana humbowo hushoma hunozadzikiswa hunoda kuongororwa kwenyaya chaiyo uye iri mumaoko emutongi.

Kutanga, anopomerwa anogona kusunungurwa nemutongi. Muchiitiko ichi, maererano nemutongi, mhosva haina kuratidzwa, kana mutongi anotonga kuti mhosva yacho hairangirwi. Zvisinei, zvingavawo kuti mutongi haana chokwadi chokuti ari kupomerwa mhosva akaita utsotsi.

Mukuwedzera, uyo anopomerwa anogona kusunungurwa kubva pakupomerwa. Iyi ndiyo nyaya, semuenzaniso, muzviitiko zvekuzvidzivirira kana kana munhu anofungidzirwa ari kurwara nepfungwa. Panyaya idzi, mutongi anoona ari kupomerwa mhosva asingarangwi kana kuti mhosva yaari kupomerwa hairangwi. Kutongwa kwemhosva kunogona kupera pano. Zvisinei, mutongi anogonawo kuisa chiyero pakudzingwa kwekupomerwa. Izvi zvinogona kusanganisira TBS yemunhu anofungidzirwa kuti ane dambudziko repfungwa.

Uyezve, anopomerwa anogonawo kurangwa. Zvirango zvitatu zvikuru zvinogona kusiyaniswa: kusungwa, basa remuenzaniso, uye basa renharaunda. Dare rinogona zvakare kumanikidza chiyero sekubhadhara kwekukuvadza kana TBS.

Chirango chinogona kuita zvinangwa zvakati. Semuenzaniso, inogona kushanda sekudzorera. Pamusoro pazvo, kana munhu aita chitsotsi, haakwanisi kupukunyuka. Pamusoro pezvo, akabatwa, asiwo nzanga, anofanirwa kugutsikana. Chinangwa chechirango ndechekudzivirira mutadzi kuti asazvidzokorora. Uyezve, chirango chinofanira kuva nemigumisiro inodzivisa. Vapari vemhosva vanofanira kuziva kuti mhosva hairegi kurangwa. Pakupedzisira, kuranga mutadzi kunodzivirira nzanga.

Wakatarisana nekutongwa kwemhosva here? Kana zvakadaro, usazeza kubata magweta pa Law & More. Magweta edu ane ruzivo rwakakura uye achafara kukupa mazano uye kukubatsira mukutonga kwemutemo.

 

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